认知语言学入门 电子书下载 PDF下载

认知语言学入门
内容简介
《认知语言学入门》第一版于1996年问世,成为当时国内外第一本认知语言学教科书。在书中,两位作者细致入微地阐释了认知语言学的核心概念,同时,又探讨了在诸如象似性、词汇变化、语法化和语言教学等研究中引入认知概念的种种益处。
  此次第二版增加了构式语法理论、概念合成理论、关联理论等内容,并对原来的内容进行了修订,从而更全面地反映认知语言学研究近年的最新成果,更好地适应不同读者的需求,是语言学界不可多得的一本内容广泛的认知语言学教科书。 ·查看全部>>
目录
Publishers acknowledgements
Preface to the second edition
Typographical conventions
Introduction
1 Prototypes and categories
1.1 Colours,squares,birds and cups:early empirical research
into lexical categories
1.2 The internal structure of categories:prototypes,attributes,
family resemblances and gestalt
1.3 Context·dependence and cultural models

2 Levels of categorization
2.1 Basic level categories of organisms and concrete objects
2.2 Superordinate and subordinate categories
2.3 Conceptual hierarchies
2.4 Categorization and composite word forms
2.5 Basic level categories and basic experiences:actions,
events,properties,states and locations

3 Conceptual metaphors and metonymies
3.1 Metaphors and metonymies:from figures of speech to
conceptual systems
3.2 Metaphors,metonymies and the structure of emotion
categories
3.3 Metaphors as a way of thinking:examples from science
and politics
3.4 Thinking in metonymies:potential and limitations

4 Figure and ground
4.1 Figure and ground,trajector and landmark:
early research into prepositions
4.2 Figure,ground and two metaphors:a cognitive
explanation of simple clause patterns
4.3 Other types of prominence and cognitive processing

5 Frames and cOnstructions
5.1 Frames and scripts
5.2 Event-frames and the windowing of attention
5.3 Language-specific framing and its use in narrative texts
5.4 Construction Grammar

6 Blending and relevance
6.1 Metaphor,metonymy and conceptual blending
6.2 Conceptual blending in linguistic analysis and description
6.3 Conceptual blending in advertising texts,riddles and iokes
6.4 Relevance:a cognitive·pragmatic phenomenon

7 Other issues in cognitive linguistics
7.1 lconicity
7.2 Lexical change and prototypicality
7.3 Cognitive aspects of grammaticalization
7.4 Effects on foreign language teaching
Conclusion
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