高等院校英语专业精品系列教材:语言学概论 电子书下载 PDF下载

高等院校英语专业精品系列教材:语言学概论
内容简介
本书内容理论联系实际、重点突出。在介绍语言学的基本理论和概念的同时反映了语言学研究的新发展。全书共9章,包括语言与语言学、语音、词法、句法、语义、语用与语篇分析、语言与社会文化、语言习得与思维和语言教学等。本书体系完整、使用方便,每小节后配有练习题。书后提供了每小节的“参考书目”。另附术语表。
  本书可供英语专业学生使用,也可供理工科和其他文科学生使用。
  本书配有网络课程,网络课程中每小节后提供“相关链接”。 ·查看全部>>
目录
Chapter 1 Language and Linguistics
1.1 The Nature of Language
1.1.1 Language Is Systematic
1.1.2 Language Is Symbolic
1.1.3 Language Is Arbitrary
1.1.4 Language Is Primarily Vocal
1.1.5 Language Is Human Specific
1.1.6 Language Is Used for Communication
1.2 The Functions of Language
1.2.1 General Functions of Language
1.2.2 Metafunctions of Language
1.3 The Origin and Classification of Language
1.3.1 The Origin of Language
1.3.2 Language Families
1.4 What Is Linguistics?
1.4.1 Definition of Linguistics
1.4.2 Some Important Distinctions in Linguistics
1.5 The Scope of Linguistics
1.5.1 Use of Linguistics
1.5.2 Recent Developments

Chapter 2 Phonetics and Phonology
2.1 Production of Sounds
2.1.1 Scope of Phonetics
2.1.2 Articulation of Sounds
2.1.3 Characteristics of English Speech Sounds
2.1.4 The Transcription of Sounds
2.2 Phonemes
2.2.1 Definition of Phonemes
2.2.2 Minimal Pairs
2.2.3 Distinctive Features
2.3 Sound Patterns
2.3.1 Sequential Constraints
2.3.2 Complementary Distribution
2.4 Suprasegmental Features
2.4.1 Syllable
2.4.2 Stress
2.4.3 Pitch
2.4.4 Intonation and Tone

Chapter 3 Morphology and Lexicon
3.1 Word and Word Classes
3.1.1 Word
3.1.2 Word Classes
3.2 Morpheme
3.2.1 What Is a Morpheme?
3.2.2 Types of Morphemes
3.3 Inflection and Word-formation
3.3.1 Inflection
3.3.2 Word-formation
3.4 Lexicon
3.4.1 Lexeme
3.4.2 Features of Lexicon

Chapter 4 Syntax
4.1 Sentence Structure
4.1.1 Constituents
4.1.2 Sentence Types
4.2 Syntactic Function and Category
4.2.1 Syntactic Function
4.2.2 Category
4.3 Transformational kules
4.3.1 Deep Structure and Surface Structure
4.3.2 Sentence Transformations
Chapter 5 Semantics
5.1 Approaches to Meaning
5.1.1 Meaning
5.1.2 Three Approaches to Meaning
5.2 Semantic Field and Semantic Relations
5.2.1 Semantic Field
5.2.2 Synonymy and Antonymy
5.2.3 Meronymy and Hyponymy
5.2.4 Polysemy and Homonymy
5.2.5 Intersentential Semantic Relations
5.3 Semantic Analysis
5.3.1 Componential Analysis
5.3.2 Predication Analysis
5.3.3 Tautology and Metaphor

Chapter 6 PragmaUcs and Text Analysis1
6.1 Speech Act Theory
6.1.1 Speech Act
6.1.2 Indirect Speech Act
6.2 The Cooperative Principle and the Politeness Principle
6.2.1 The Cooperative Principle
6.2.2 The Politeness Principle
6.3 Presupposition and the Structure of Spoken Text
6.3.1 Presupposition
6.3.2 Exchange and Adjacency Pair
6.4 Cohesion
6.4.1 Reference
6.4.2 Subsfitufion and Ellipsis
6.4.3 CoNunction
6.4.4 Lexical Cohesion
6.5 Thematic Structure and Information Unit
6.5.1 Theme and Rheme
6 5 2 Given and New

Chapter 7 Language and Social Culture
7.1 Language Varieties
7.1.1 Dialect
7.1.2 Register
7.1.3 Ethnic Varieties
7.2 Language and Culture
7.2.1 The Relationship Between Language and Culture
7.2.2 The Study of Language and Culture
7.3 Language Change
7.3.1 Causes of Language Change
7.3.2 Lexical Change
7.3.3 Sound Change
7.3.4 Syntactical Change
7.4 Language Planning
7.4.1 Standard Language
7.4.2 National Language and Official Language

Chapter 8 Language Acquisition and Thought
8.1 First Language Acquisition
8.1.1 Difference Between Acquisition and Foreign Language Learning
8.1.2 Development of First Language Acquisition
8.2 Second Language Acquisition
8.2.1 Major Features of Second Language Acquisition
8.2.2 Internal and External Factors
8.3 Language and Thought
8.3.1 The Relationship Between Language and Thought
8.3.2 Psychological Realities

Chapter 9 Linguistics and Language Teaching
9.1 Approaches to Language Teaching
9.1.1 An Overview of Language Teaching
9.1.2 The Relation of Linguistics to Language Teaching
9.2 Syllabus Design
9.2.1 Grammatical Syllabus

Further Readings
References
Glossary
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