国外物理名著系列32:电磁噪声和量子光学测量 电子书下载 PDF下载

国外物理名著系列32:电磁噪声和量子光学测量
内容简介
《电磁噪声和量子光学测量(第2版)(影印版)》为了满足国内读者对国外优秀物理学著作的需求,科学出版社启动了引进国外优秀著作的工作,出版社的这一举措得到了国内物理学界的积极响应和支持,很快成立了专家委员会,开展了选题的推荐和筛选工作,在出版社初选的书单基础上确定了第一批引进的项目,这些图书几乎涉及了近代物理学的所有领域,既有阐述学科基本理论的经典名著,也有反映某一学科专题前沿的专著。在选择图书时,专家委员会遵循了以下原则:基础理论方面的图书强调“经典”,选择了那些经得起时间检验、对物理学的发展产生重要影响、现在还不“过时”的著作(如狄拉克的《量子力学原理》)。反映物理学某一领域进展的著作强调“前沿”和“热点”,根据国内物理学研究发展的实际情况,选择了能够体现相关学科最新进展,对有关方向的科研人员和研究生有重要参考价值的图书。这些图书都是最新版的,多数图书都是2000年以后出版的,还有相当一部分是当年出版的新书。因此,这套丛书具有权威性、前瞻性和应用性强的特点。由于国外出版社的要求,科学出版社对部分图书进行了少量的翻译和注释(主要是目录标题和练习题),但这并不会影响图书“原汁原味”的感觉,可能还会方便国内读者的阅读和理解。 ·查看全部>>
目录
Introduction
1. Maxwell's Equations, Power, and Energy
1.1 Maxwell's Field Equations
1.2 Poynting's Theorem
1.3 Energy and Power Relations and Symmetry of the Tensor
1.4 Uniqueness Theorem
1.5 The Complex Maxwell's Equations
1.6 Operations with Complex Vectors
1.7 The Complex Poynting Theorem
1.8 The Reciprocity Theorem
1.9 Summary
Problems
Solutions

2. Waveguides and Resonators
2.1 The Fundamental Equations of Homogeneous Isotropic Waveguides
2.2 Transverse Electromagnetic Waves
2.3 Transverse Magnetic Waves
2.4 Transverse Electric Waves
2.4.1 Mode Expansions
2.5 Energy, Power, and Energy Velocity
2.5.1 The Energy Theorem
2.5.2 Energy Velocity and Group Velocity
2.5.3 Energy Relations for Wavegnide Modes
2.5.4 A Perturbation Example
2.6 The Modes of a Closed Cavity
2.7 Real Character of Eigenvalues and Orthogonality of Modes
2.8 Electromagnetic Field Inside a Closed Cavity with Sources.
2.9 Analysis of Open Cavity
2.10 Open Cavity with Single Input
2.10.1 The Resonator and the Energy Theorem
2.10.2 Perturbation Theory and the Generic Form of the Impedance Expression
2.11 Reciprocal Multiports
2.12 Simple Model of Resonator
2.13 Coupling Between Two Resonators
2.14 Summary
Problems
Solutions

3. Diffraction, Dielectric Waveguides, Optical Fibers,and the Kerr Effect
3.1 Free-Space Propagation and Diffraction
3.2 Modes in a Cylindrical Piecewise Uniform Dielectric
3.3 Approximate Approach
3.4 Perturbation Theory
3.5 Propagation Along a Dispersive Fiber
3.6 Solution of the Dispersion Equation for a Gaussian Pulse
3.7 Propagation of a Polarized Wave in an Isotropic Kerr Medium
3.7.1 Circular Polarization
3.8 Summary
Problems
Solutions

4. Shot Noise and Thermal Noise
4.1 The Spectrum of Shot Noise
4.2 The Probability Distribution of Shot Noise Events
4.3 Thermal Noise in Waveguides and Transmission Lines
4.4 The Noise of a Lossless Resonator
4.5 The Noise of a Lossy Resonator
4.6 Langevin Sources in a Waveguide with Loss
4.7 Lossy Linear Multiports at Thermal Equilibrium
4.8 The Probability Distribution of Photons at Thermal Equilibrium
4.9 Gaussian Amplitude Distribution of Thermal Excitations
4.10 Summary
Problems
Solutions

5. Linear Noisy Multiports
5.1 Available and Exchangeable Power from a Source
5.2 The Stationary Values of the Power Delivered by a Noisy Multiport and the Characteristic Noise Matrix
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